In Vitro and In Vivo Study of the Short-Term Vasomotor Response during Epileptic Seizures
Anna Volnova, Vassiliy Tsytsarev, Maria Ptukha and Mikhail Inyushin
Epilepsy remains one of the most common brain disorders, and the different types of epilepsy encompass a wide variety of physiological manifestations. Clinical and preclinical findings indicate that cerebral blood flow is usually focally increased at seizure onset, shortly after the beginning of ictal events. Nevertheless, many questions remain about the relationship between vasomotor changes in the epileptic foci and the epileptic behavior of neurons and astrocytes. To study this relationship, we performed a series of in vitro and in vivo experiments using the 4-aminopyridine model of epileptic seizures. It was found that in vitro pathological synchronization of neurons and the depolarization of astrocytes is accompanied by rapid short-term vasoconstriction, while in vivo vasodilation during the seizure prevails. We suggest that vasomotor activity during epileptic seizures is a correlate of the complex, self-sustained response that includes neuronal and astrocytic oscillations, and that underlies the clinical presentation of epilepsy.